Smartcities arise from smart solutions.
Smartcity is an urban community that uses the most suitable products and technological solutions to be as sustainable and cost effective as possible.
Materials can be smart in different ways: They can be produced with fewer emissions or produced locally, have an energy saving quality, be easily recyclable or a little bit of all of these with a competitive price.
There are a wide range of suitable products from a sewage system valve to a complete house with heat pumps and solar panels in it. Suitability of the product depends on how much emissions and/or costs it reduces compared to an equivalent standard product.
Lightning, heating, cooling, traffic… Nowadays basically everything can be measured and managed by smart digital systems.